EXCAVATION HALL

In Antalya, which is a unique open-air museum with its archaeological richness and international excavation center, many excavations and researches have been carried out by Turkish, German, American, French, Austrian and English archaeologists and science commissions. Most of the rescue excavations in the region and the environmental arrangement have been performed by the expert of the museum.
The Antalya Museum is among the leading museums of the world on account of its sculpture works from the Roman period and unique small finds found during the periodic excavations of the different universities and rescue excavations of the museum.


Hall number 4 (excavations Hall) is devoted o small works of art and objects recovered from different excavations.


Central showcase of the hall contains some gold, silver, bronze and ivory finds from Phrygian tumulus of Elmalı- Bayındır Village.


A group of small mounds hidden beneath piles of stone rubble near the Bayındır Village in the Elmalı plain attracted the attention of the archaeologists of the Antalya Museum between the years 1986-88. The excavations of five tumuli, Tumulus A-B-C-E for cremation and Tumulus D inhumation, yielded interesting material most of which are of Phrygian origin. In the forth hall of the museum, the objects on display are artifacts recovered from the above-mentioned tumuli. They are dated to the seventh and sixth centuries B.C.


Among the finds from these five burial sites are small sheet silver and bronze cauldrons with ring handles, bulls' heads fastened to t-shaped attachments, and decorative bronze griffin heads on the edge of the rims of the cauldrons.
There are also silver and bonze ladles unearthed at Tumulus D. A particular silver ladle with inscriptions in Phrygian and small a silver cauldron deserve special attention.
Also among the yields of the same tumulus are two silver belts one of which is still in excellent condition. Both belts almost identical, delicately incised geometric designs. They were probably lined with leather, cloth or felt.


A number of bronze and silver bowls with raised boss (omphalos) wrapped in cloth were also unearthed in the tumuli at Bayındır. These bowls were either plain or decorated with radiating floral designs on the outside-clearly representing Phrygian variants. The majority of the fibulae placed in a grave offering were or the dead in the tumuli.


Exquisite ivory and silver statuettes found in Tumulus D are regarded as the most spectacular finds of the site.


The practice of ornamenting with silver plaques is most typically Phrygian. The embossed silver appliqués and ivory plaques were possibly used as decoration for coffins, furniture or harnesses. Sheet silver breast plates for horses and iron bits from the same burial ground are representative of Anatolian horsemanship in Iron Age.
The present exhibitions of Phrygian artifacts at the Antalya Museum is a rich collections of the splendid and unusual cultural heritage of the Phrygians who lived in the north of Antalya.