HALL OF POTTERYS

Antalya Museum one of the richest Museums of Turkey for ceramic collection beside of the rich marble exhibitions. As one of the earliest distinguish potterys of this collection comes from Hacılar which is excavated by Prof. J. Melleart from London Archaeology institute, in the sixties. These 6th millennium potterys originally attracted attention with the colorful, painted pottery it yielded. The highly polished handmade vessels are most striking. They are representative of the Anatolian Chalcolitic Period. The decoration of these vessels (red on buff) displays a special effect, making it difficult to determine which forms the background and which forms the design.


The first show-case of the ceramic hall contains some figurines and vases from the Mycenaean Period (the 12th century B.C.) There is remarkable terra-cotta vase head believed to come from Cyprus (the 6th century B.C.). The third case contains some vases from the Classical Period (the 5th century B.C.) and a collection of Classical and Hellenistic small vases or lecythoi, (the fifth century to third century B.C.)
By the center of the case is the exhibited red-figured Column Crater, the most significant of finds. The "Tibet Krater", named so to honour the curator who first unearthed it from the Karaçallı necropolis during the rescue excavation of museum in the nineties, hosts two methops on the body one of which is decorated with four, while other with three figures. Regarding the figures as well as the forming, "Tibet Krater" bears a striking resemblance to those Sicilian artists' vases who painted pots similar to the Attician artists'.


Along with this magnificent sample, pottery samples, again red figured and dating to 4th cent. B.C., are also-exhibited in the other show-cases of the hall. In the third show-case there are another two bell kraters and column krater. The column krater from the necropolis of Aspendos dates back to the fifth century B.C. It show three youths in a merry celebration, dancing vigorously while holding drinking cups. One the reverse side there are three youths depicted arming themselves. The bell crater with red figures is decorated on one side with Dionysos seated among the maenads and a dancing satyr. On the reverse, another satyr is shown between two maenads.


The forth case displays some Hellenistic figurines and vases (The third and second century B.C.) The moulded relief of a decorative ceramic wine server, the oinochoe, is the most impressive piece in the case. A female figurine in high


relief stands in front of an altar. Clad in a chiton and himation, she holds a glass container, the phiale, in her right hand; she carries the horn of plenty over her left arm. From an inscription incised around her shoulder she is identified as the Egyptian Queen Berenice II, the wife of Ptolemy III. The decoration is mouldcast with light blue glaze.